Assessment of quality of life in patients with head and neck cancer at kenyatta national hospital
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ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH HEAD AND NECK CANCER AT KENYATTA NATIONAL HOSPITAL

Main objective: To determine the quality of life in head and neck cancer patients at Kenyatta National Hospital using the European Organisation for the Research into Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of life core questionnaire 30( QLQ C30) and QLQ  Head and neck module 35( H&N 35) questionnaire.

Specific objectives: To assess the reliability and validity of the QLQ C30 and QLQ H&N 35 questionnaires; to determine whether age, gender, localisation, stage and prior treatment modality have an impact on the quality of life.

Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study.

Materials and methods: The quality of life (QOL) of patients suffering head and neck cancer was assessed using the EORTC QLQ C30 and QLQ H&N 35 questionnaires.

123 patients who presented to the Radiotherapy department after a diagnosis of head and neck cancer filled in the questionnaires.

Results: The QLQ C30 and the QLQ H&N 35 demonstrated acceptable reliability/internal consistency. They also displayed sufficient criterion validity and were sensitive to group differences with regard to age, gender, tumour stage, tumour site and prior treatment.

Conclusion: The results obtained support the use of the two questionnaires in the assessment of quality of life in head and neck cancer patients. There is a negative co-relation between tumour stage and QOL. Advancing age and co-morbidity influence QOL.

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