Patient follow up care after open heart surgery.

Authors: Odhiambo PA.
To determine the patient drop out to postoperative follow up for heart patients at the Kenyatta National Hospital.
The study analysed the postoperative attendance of heart patients to the surgical outpatient clinic at the KNH. Data on clinic attendance was collected over a one-year period from patient files and from clinic attendance.
A total of four hundred and seventy-five open heart operations have been performed at the
Kenyatta National Hospital over the last twenty-five years. The patients' mean age is 18.0 years. Clinic follow up rate over this period is 85% at one-year, 62% at five-years, 32% at ten-years and 13% at fifteen-years. A number of patients who had since fallen out to clinic follow up were traced during the study period, when included into the analysis the revised figures are 85%, 70%, 40% and 24% respectively. The difference is statistically significant (p = 0.019). There was no significant statistical difference in the follow up between males and females (p = 0.278), however between patients operated for congenital heart diseases compared to valve patients, the difference was significant (p = 0.007), valve patients having a better follow up. The five-year follow up for isolated mitral, aortic and double valve replacements were 94%, 74% and 78% respectively.
Despite deceptively good follow up figures, our figures are in fact poor when age is considered. Financial combined with logistical problems are the most likely causes of poor follow up.

Download Abstract [PDF]